Article Vi: Supreme Law
In contrast, constitutional legislation outlines the construction and function of the government and the relationships of the federal government to its individual residents. It characterizes the relative powers of the nationwide and state governments and makes prohibitions of sure actions. Middle Ages, for example, the authority of political rulers did not prolong to non secular matters, which were strictly reserved to the jurisdiction of the church. Their powers also have been restricted by the rights granted to a minimum of some courses of topics. Disputes over the extent of such rights were not infrequent and typically were settled by way of solemn authorized “pacts” between the contenders, such as Magna Carta .
In Suits at common legislation, the place the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the proper of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be in any other case re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the frequent law. The United States shall assure to each State on this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect every of them in opposition to Invasion; and on Application of … Read More